Session: #343

Theme & Session Format

Archaeological heritage and museum management: future chances, future risks
Session format:
Regular session

Title & Content

Heritage, Culture, Ideology and Archeological Aesthetics during Dictatorial Regimes in Europe and America
Architectural and urban heritage memory has been important for dictatorships and authoritarian regimes in Europe and America during 20th century. It can be considered a cultural and political weapon to create a new ideology about their origins, roots, and meanings. In this sense, archaeological intervention has been fundamental in order to sustain the discourse of identity, race, inherent to a specific population regarding the difference of the "other". Nations and countries with these political atmospheres have changed their archeological sites aiming to reinforce the ideals of each regime.
In addition, the underlying roots to the history that can be perceived in an archaeological excavation and its associate museographic and urbanistic discourse, allow to understand the historical legacy at the same time than the ideology of the political regime. This session emphasizes the discourse and ideological imaginary of dictatorships and their use in archaeology, in their cultural history and in their architectural, urbanistic aesthetics and in the methods themselves to excavate and reflect the results obtained.
In particular, we would encourage works that explore the following topics:
- Explores distinct socio-political and economical circumstances that formed specific national tourism development policies with archaeological significance during European and American dictatorships.
- Offers an overview of the international relationship between heritage, archaeology and political ideology during the regimes of 20th century.
- Reviews archetype places where the heritage of the archaeological site is deeply connected with Fascism or Communism.
- Analyse how during Democracy those archaeological sites have been reconverted, readapted and resignified into new perspectives.
- Raises questions on the success or failure of the tourism strategic focus of the archaeological sites’ policies during the dictatorships.
Papers that offer comparative perspectives, especially across nations, are especially desired.
archaeological site, heritage, dictatorships, authoritarian regimes, ideology, resignification
Session associated with MERC:
Session associated with CIfA:
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Main organiser:
David Martín López (Spain) 1
Katerina Chatzikonstantinou (Greece) 2
1. Department of Art History, University of Granada
2. Department of Architecture, University of Thessaly