Session: #45

Theme & Session Format

5. Theories and methods in archaeology: interactions between disciplines
Session format:
Regular session

Title & Content

Current Research on Bronze and Iron Ages Hoards
Of all historical periods, the Bronze and Iron Ages were the time during which thousands of hoards were found, and the most complex depositional phenomena can be observed in the archaeological record. The new results from the past decades indicates to us that we have come to a new turning point in respect to the means of investigating and interpreting this very phenomenon. They are based both on new theoretical proposals, as well as on an increasingly broad range of data, describing the context of the deposition act. Other approaches focus on the elements of hoards which are being studied in some cases literally at ‘microscopic’ levels.
Particularly important are the new methods used in hoards research, which include such diverse procedures as: research on their specificity in the landscape, network analysis of hoarding patterns, metallurgical studies, microscopic analysis of use-wear traces and destruction of metal objects, archaeometric analyses of arti- and ecofact accompanying metals and many others. Their use allows us to broaden the discussions that have been going on for over a hundred years about the reasons for depositing valuables, their importance in prehistoric cultures, and through better understanding of prehistoric communities.
Both the development of archaeology and the significant growth of the number of newly discovered hoards leads one to considerations over the appropriate means for conducting research on these enigmatic finds.
If your research interests are:
• hoards from the Bronze and Iron Ages;
• additionally, by analyzing them, you use a multidisciplinary approach;
• especially if you propose the use of methods that were previously not used in research of hoards;
• and/or would like to propose a new theoretical approach to interpretation this phenomenon.
We would like to invite you to participate in our session and we hope that it will be very inspiring.
hoards, metal artifacts analyses, archaeometric analyses, multi-aspectual research
Session associated with MERC:
Session associated with CIfA:
Session associated with SAfA:
Session associated with CAA:
Session associated with DGUF:
Session associated with other:


Main organiser:
Marcin Maciejewski (Poland) 1
János Gábor Tarbay (Hungary) 2
Kamil Nowak (Poland) 3
1. Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Institute of Archaeology
2. Hungarian National Museum, Department of Archaeology
3. University of Wroclaw, Institute of Archaeology