1. Networks, networking, communication: archaeology of interactions
Luxury in Life and Death in the European Iron Age. Identity - Elite Networks - Economy - Arts and Crafts
What defines an elite within a society? It may be the ability to exercise power and domination; it may be the access to specific resources. Or it can be conceptualized as the degree of centrality and connectivity within a communication and/or interaction network.
In the context of archaeological research, this last approach has the advantage that precious objects and materials, as remains of material culture, allow a reconstruction of relationships over long distances. During the Iron Age, luxury items made of precious or exotic materials were used by elite groups as symbols of power and prestige, and they were deposited as grave goods or in hoards. They can be seen as proxy variables to identify multiple highly dynamic and dense networks of influences from different regions, near and far.
The structures and mechanisms of these networks depend on the selected parameters: for example, a network of imported vessels is different from the network of precious materials like amber, especially when stylistic or craftsmanship characteristics are taken into account.
In this session, we would like to bring together all these different perspectives on elite connectivity during the Iron Age, in order to obtain an even more detailed picture of the dynamic and complex processes during this period.
Iron Age, Arts and crafts, Precious materials, Network analysis, Elites, Trade
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Sebastian Fuerst (Germany) 1
Marilou Nordez (France) 2
Barbara Armbruster (France) 2
1. Curt-Engelhorn Zentrum Archäometrie gGmbH
2. Laboratoire TRACES (UMR 5608), Université Toulouse 2 Jean Jaurès
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