Session: #415

Theme & Session Format

6. Material culture studies and societies
Session format:
Session with precirculated papers

Title & Content

Northern Eurasia in the Late Pleistocene-Holocene: Periphery or Transit Zone? [PaM]
Modern research in the field of stone age archaeology shows that the Northern territories of Eurasia began to be actively developed by humans during the upper Paleolithic (MIS3-MIS2). For a long time, there was little interest in the development of the peoples of the North, their ethnogenesis and cultural, low visibility of archaeological materials, and the limited set of research topics compared to tropical or Mediterranean territories. Material practice of northern populations, the agency of things and the social interpretation of the impact of material culture are increasingly defining the contours of social archaeology.
Paleogenetic studies confirm the distribution of populations from Scandinavia to Alaska as wave - like process in Northern latitudes. Numerous archaeological and ethnographic collections obtained in recent years, have presented the cultural mosaic of the North. These have become available due to the unique special taphonomic conditions of burials of ancient hunters and fishermen. The stable preservation of this autochthonous population and traditional way of life allows us to employ ethnographic materials as correct analogies.
The section will consider the following issues:
- features of geological processes and taphonomy of cultural remains.
- variability of late Pleistocene and Holocene archaeological cultures.
- cultural traditions and innovations of societies of hunters, fishermen, and gatherers of the North.
- specifics and forms of adaptation strategies to low-temperature conditions.
- methods and means of transportation in the conditions of northern latitudes in the Prehistory.
Northern Eurasia, Late Pleistocene-Holocene, Upper Paleolithic, Ethnogenesis, Material culture, Distribution of populations
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Main organiser:
Irina Ponkratova (Russia) 1
Liudmila Lbova (Russia) 2
Loren G. Davis (United States) 3
1. North-Eastern state University, Magadan
2. St. Petersburg Polytechnic University
3. Oregon State University