Session: #470

Theme & Session Format

7. From global to local: Baltic-Pontic studies
Session format:
Regular session

Title & Content

Recent Chronology: Challenging Copper Age Historical Narratives in Central, South-Eastern and Eastern Europe
Our session will address new insights concerning the chronology of Copper Age sites between the Black Sea and Central Europe. This vast region is characterised by various environments and historical landscapes, which led to an equally large variety of lifestyles and historical archives. The diversity of archives and different research traditions resulted in different ways of constructing chronology such as stratigraphic sequences of the lower Danube tell sites, ornamental styles and local groups of the flat Cucuteni-Tripolye settlements, or grave types in the North-Western Pontic. These different research approaches have built the basis for the establishment of various historical narratives, which often became fixed points of view. For example, current spatio-temporal understanding of ‘Tripolye’ was built up mainly on data obtained before late 1980s and the resulting models are partly used to date. Intensive research and dating have changed the ‘local’ situation dramatically in recent years. But often results of this work are confronted with established ‘global’ narratives that reflect ‘regional research traditions’.
The aim of the session is to explore how these new data increasingly allow us to rethink the typology-focused chronological constructions and historical reconstructions based on them. In particular, we would like to have a closer look on transformations that took place in this region, e.g.:
• Establishment, transformation and disintegration of flourishing agricultural settlement systems in the Lower Danube (BPK V, KGK VI)) and the North-Eastern Carpathian region (Cucuteni-Tripolye),
• Expansion of human groups into the forest-steppe zone between Prut and Dnieper,
• Cucuteni-Tripolye population agglomerations with giant settlements,
• The development of mobile pastoralism with dispersed settlement pattern in the steppe and forest steppe north-west of the Black Sea
• Intensive interlinking of the Pontic-Baltic region through communication and exchange networks (Baden, Funnel beaker, Globular Amphora, Malice).
Copper Age, Chronology, Southeastern Europe, Eastern Europe, Central Europe
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Main organiser:
Robert Hofmann (Germany) 1
Sławomir Kadrow (Poland) 2
Catalin Lazar (Romania) 3
Liudmyla Shatilo (Germany) 1
Stanislav Terna (Germany) 1
1. Kiel University, Institute of Pre- and Protohistoric Archaeology
2. Rzeszów University, Institute of Archaeology
3. University of Bucharest, Research Institute of the University of Bucharest (ICUB)