Session: #849

Theme & Session Format

2. Archaeological Sciences, Humanities and the Digital era: Bridging the Gaps
Session format:
Regular session

Title & Content

Zooarchaeology in Transition(s): Subsistence Patterns, Cultural Changes and Continuity in European Prehistory through Old and New Tools
Throughout the Pleistocene, numerous cold and temperate climatic phases alternate, culminating around 11,800 cal BP with the onset of the Holocene, characterized by warm climatic conditions. This sequence of environmental changes had an impact on the technology, economy and internal dynamics of Pleistocene and early Holocene hunter-gatherer groups, as well as the first food producers of the Neolithic. Research on human-animal interactions provides a great amount of information about aspects such as the socio-economic organization of human groups, their territorial distribution or their symbolic world, among others.
Zooarchaeology involves the study of faunal remains (bones, teeth, shells, etc.) recovered from archaeological sites, paying special attention to the phenomena of change and continuity in order to infer the existence of cultural patterns. It is also characterized by the incorporation of new tools, as well as the permanence of others. Thus, in the last two decades, this discipline is undergoing its own transition, in which traditional methods (taxonomic identification, taphonomic analysis, etc.) are combined with new techniques (e.g. ZooMS, genomic studies, Artificial Intelligence) through transdisciplinary and multiproxy approaches.
This session aims to create an open forum to explore in depth the subsistence patterns, the procurement of animal resources and their subsequent management by Pleistocene hunter-gatherers and early prehistoric farmers, as well as their implications for the organization and cosmovision of these human groups. Our objective is to provide a space for sharing and integrating new and old methodological approaches, contributing to a better understanding of the phenomena of change and continuity in human-animal relationships during Prehistory. Communications and posters related to these associated aspects are welcome:
-Archaeofaunal and archaeomalacological analyses.
-Isotopic and proteomic analyses.
-Genomic studies.
-Osteometry and specific variability.
-Experimental protocols.
-Bone industry and operational chain.
-Taphonomic and biometric analyses.
-Geostatistics and territorial occupation strategies
-Palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental analyses
-Other new methodological and technological approaches in Zooarchaeology.
Zooarchaeological analysis, Bone experiments, Multiproxy approaches, Pleistocene, Holocene
Session associated with MERC:
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Main organiser:
Alberto Marchán-Fernández (Spain) 1
Maria Joana Gabucio (Spain) 2,3
Antonio Pineda (France) 4,2
Anna Rufà (Portugal) 5,6
Edgar Téllez (Spain) 7
1. Universidad de Salamanca
2. Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social (IPHES-CERCA)
3. Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Departament d’Història i Història de l’Art
4. UMR 7194 HNHP (MNHN-CNRS-UPVD), Département Homme et Environnement, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle
5. Interdisciplinary Center for Archaeology and Evolution of Human Behaviour – ICArEHB, Universidade do Algarve
6. Université de Bordeaux
7. Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH)